The majority of family members were agricultural labourers or servants and nearly all family members have very little money. Many of them can be found in the poor house or work house in later life. There are just a few families or individuals who can be called “wealthy” and these are mentioned on the following pages.
Ricardus Tetridge of Avington (about 1510 -1542)
The Will of Richardus Tetridge of Avington, who died in 1542, can be found in Winchester Record Office and was indexed under the name Titheridge. We obviously cannot be 100% certain that the surname is a true variation of the family surname but the fact that the will mentions lands in Avington and 70 years later we have Titheridges living in the small hamlet of Avington does give credence to this suggestion. In 1610 Nathan began a family of 4 children in Avington and in 1616 Stephen began a family of 6 children also in Avington.
From the evidence gathered from the will and from information available in a book on Winchester Cathedral we have pieced together some of the background on Richard although we are yet to find the church records for the period.
Richard’ brother or half brother was William Kyngsmill, the first Dean of Winchester Catherdral, and he was the executor of Richard’ will. The family history is that somewhere around 1500 Alice (or Alys), who was the mother of Richard, married a husband with the surname Kynsmill. Alice and her husband probably lived in Basing a village to the west of Basingstoke, Hampshire. It is likely they were nobility. They had a son William Kyngsmill and probably a daughter Margaret. At this time it was customary for the youngest child of nobility to go into the priesthood. William was put into the monastry at St Swithuns Priory. As a monk he was known as William Basing, from the place where he lived. In 1522 he was ordained to priesthood. In 1536 he was chosen as the Prior of St Swithun’s and during his time there the shrine to St Swithun was destroyed by Cromwell. In 541 William became the last prior of Winchester and the first Dean of Winchester Cathedral. From this time he took back his family name and became William Kynsgmill. At some point William’s father died and his widowed mother Alice remarried and came to live in Chilcomb near Winchester. We presume she and her new husband had a son Richard Tetridge, although it could be that Richard just took on the surname of the new husband. Sometime before 1541 Richard Tetridge married Margery and they had a son William and Margery was pregnant again when Richard was taken ill in 1542.
Richard’s will is written in old English and to the unskilled eye is illegible, however our thanks to John Kaye for his translation of the will. There are some parts which do not quite make sense due to the difficult writing …. Indicates missing words.
“In the name of God Amen the 5th day of May in the year off our Lorde God one thousand five hundred and forty two. I Richard Tetridge of the Parish of Chilcombe in the county of Hants (?)yeoman whole of mind, memory and of good remembrance however ? sick in my body do make my last will and testament into this manner and from following.
Item first I bequeath my soul unto Almighty God and Blessed Lady Mary Virgin to them and to all the holy company of heaven. And my body to be buried in the church yard of the blessed trinity of Winchester.
Item I give and bequeath in the minister(?) of the said church 6s 4d.
Item I give and bequeath to the High Alter of my parish church of Chilcombe for tithes forgotten 12d.
Item I give to Alys Tetridge my mother 2 good ? …. ?pigs.
Item I give and bequeath to Margery my wife £5 sterling and my bed that I do lie in now with a coverlet(?) and 1 bolster 1 matress and all that belongeth to the said bed. And I will that my said wife have the use of my part of the house during the nonage of my son William in Mr Dean(?) my brothers portion of the chief chamber and paying(?) to him the said dean always….6d.
Item I give and bequeath unto my son William being my eldest son and heir all my goods moveable
Item I will that in the case of my said wife Margery now being with child if it be a male child to have my holde in Avyngton to her and to the said child and that my said son William shall surrender his right of the same when he cometh to his full age to the use of my said wife and the said child that she now goeth withall
Item I give and bequeath to every one of my Kyngesmells servants, my fellows, 12d.
Item I give and bequeath to John Smythe my servant my livery, my …. coat ………….with lining to the same and one doublet of worsted …..colour
And the rest of all my goods, houses, leases, lands and tenements not bequested I do give and bequeath to the said Mr William Kynesmill my brother now dean of the foresaid cathedral church of Winton (Winchester).my legacies fulfilled and my debts paid who I do order and make my full and sole executor of this my last will and testament.
And I will that the said Mr Dean my brother to have the full and sole governor and …. of my said son William and to put him to school at his ………………pleasure until he cometh to his full age and to order all things at pleasure and to bestow. the rest of my said goods for the wealth of my several ? and all Christian? ….? Ills as he shall think ………. “
Witnesses John Stonehert, John Smithe with others?
Richard requested to be buried in “the churchyard of the blessed trinity of Winchester” which is Winchester Cathedral. When brother William died in 1548 he too requested his burial in Winchester Cathedral. William’s will was proved by his mother Mrs Alice Tyderige on 18 October 1548 and to his mother he left “all the stuff and implements which she hath at this present time within her house”
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