The first mention of the family name was in the sixteenth century in the Winchester area of Hampshire, England. Finding records in the sixteenth century is difficult for two reasons, in many cases there are no longer any copies of the records and many records at this time are illegible, unless you are able to read Latin or the strange script of Old English.
The earliest record we have found is a record of Ricardus Tytheryge marrying Als Hall at Winchester St. Maurice in 1539. We have also found a will written in Old English from 5 May 1542 of Richarde Tetridge of the parish of Chilcombe, Winchester. He leaves goods and his property in Avington to his mother, his wife, his son Wylliam and his unborn child.
In the seventeenth century an increasing number of records with various spellings of the surname begin to appear. This shows the families enlarging and spreading throughout the small villages around Winchester. Unfortunately, most of these records from different villages cannot be connected to each other, although it is tempting to make some speculations. We have only searched some of the Hampshire parish records, mainly in villages we knew that there were Titheridges. There are numerous parish records that have not been looked at and it may be that there are lots of important Titheridge records just waiting to be discovered. It should be remembered that some church records do not begin until the end of the century and a large number of births, marriages and burials may have gone unrecorded and be lost.
Between 1610 and 1635 there are two families of Titheridges in Avington, Nathan Titheridge who has four children and Stephen Titheridge with six children. It would appear that these records in Avington connect to the earlier record of Richard, who in 1542 left land in Avington. The exact link remains unknown since the Avington parish records do not begin until 1610, leaving a gap of nearly 70 years.
Between 1644 and 1660 John Titheridge and Eme had a family of eight children in Old Alresford. While in 1688 we find a Joshua Titheridge marrying Margery Bull in Stratfieldsaye and then between 1688 and 1709 they have ten children in Kingsclere. Two of the children move to Basingstoke where they can be followed for four more generations.
The most important record we have found is that in 1663 John Tithrige marries Anne Quallat in Cheriton and they have seven children. Families of Titheridges remain in Cheriton for eight generations until 1851. From this line come a large number of Titheridge descendants which populate villages around the area. We have found 1419 descendants and spouses of this couple, covering 13 generations and stretching to present day.
In the eighteenth century numerous other new family groups appeared in Hampshire, some of the most important ones, or the ones we know most about, are listed below. Many cannot yet be connected to earlier families.
In 1728 the Titheridges started to populate New Alresford. In 1737 William and Sarah had their first of nine children baptised. Between 1737 and 1812 there were about thirty Titheridges born in New Alresford, but due to the uninformative nature of the early records, it has so far proved impossible to connect these individuals and families to other family groups and trees, except by speculation.
In 1744 Daniel Tytheridge and Rebecca Baker married in Portsea St. Mary. It is the descendants of this couple who all spell their name Titheradge and from whom Michael is descended. Unfortunately we do not know where Daniel was born or anything about him. We would like to speculate that he came from Kilmeston and hence is a descendant from Cheriton, but we have no evidence at all for this, except that there is a Daniel of the right age born in Kilmeston. At present we are at a loss as to how to prove or disprove this theory or how to discover his origins. Hence our own direct family line remains stuck in Portsea in 1744, which is frustrating when we have made such progress with other branches of the family.
In 1761 William married Ann Cranston in Old Alresford. Their son, William, produced a family of seven children in New Alresford between 1784 and 1794 when William died. The eldest child Robert, born in 1784, is possibly, the same Robert who began the Tytheridge line. William and Ann’s third son Richard Cranston (b 1788) is perhaps the most colourful character amongst our ancestors and the one we know most about. A booklet in the Winchester Record Office entitled “Dickey Dung Prong or Richard Titheridge of New Alresford” attracted our interest in this individual. A minister who “converted this rogue to Christianity” shortly before Richard died in 1834 in Southampton wrote the booklet. It tells us about the life of Richard who was a villain who converted to Christianity just before his death.
In 1768 the first Titheridges in Southampton are recorded, when John marries Mary Tucker at Southampton St. Mary. They lived at Itchen Ferry with their family. John was a mariner who left a considerable amount of money and property, when he died in 1825. We do not know from where John came but it is possible that he came from Portsea.
Other small unconnected family groups appear in other villages such as Farnham and Medstead plus, as mentioned above, the Titheridges of Cheriton were flourishing and had spread to nearby Kilmeston.
The nineteenth century saw the Titheridges migrating further, with family groups appearing in more Hampshire villages and also as far afield as London. There were also many families still prospering where they had already settled such as in Cheriton, Kilmeston, Winchester, Portsmouth, New Alresford, etc. Below are listed some of the larger family groups who began to appear in new locations, many of these are related to families already mentioned.
1803 William (b 1773 Cheriton) and Hannah Prior settled in Droxford
1805 Thomas (b1774 ? where) and Jane Tee settled in East Meon
1806 William (b1775 New Alresford) and Priscilla Pargent settled in Bishops Waltham
1809 Richard (b 1769 Cheriton) and Sarah Wheeler settled in Alverstoke
1810 Richard (b 1779 Cheriton) and Mary settled in West Tisted
1833 Daniel (b 1807 New Alresford) and Charlotte Duffer settled in Winchester
1836 Henry Titheradge (b 1808 Portsea) and Eliza Jenkins settled in London
1845 George (b 1814 Kilmeston) and Maria Jones settled in Hinton Ampner
1847 William Henry Walter Tytheridge (b 1809 Portsea) and Sophia Cunningham settled in London
1849 William (b 1815 Cheriton) and Cecilia settled in West Meon
1853 William (b 1830 Droxford) and Eliza Merritt settled in Swanmore
1860 John (b Droxford 1837) and Sophia settled in London
1863 Harry (b 1842 Bishops Waltham) and Ann Cullimore settled in Southampton
1869 James (b 1840 Droxford) and Harriett Paice settled in Southwick, Sussex
1873 William (b 1842 West Tisted) and Amelia settled in East Tisted
It is in the 19th Century that several families emigrated to Australia and New Zealand hence starting to spread the name worldwide.
Three children of Daniel Titheridge and Charlotte Duffer of Winchester all emigrated to Australia to start a new life, they were Henry (born 1836) and married to Louisa Bush, Robert (born 1839) and married to Alice Middleton and Daniel (born 1850) and married to Sarah Greenwood.
Another family that settled in Australia is descended from Frederick Titheridge, a sailor who was born in Droxford in 1842. He arrived in Australia in 1880 spelling his name as Titheradge, as do all his descendants.
The third family to settle in Australia was the actor George Sutton Titheradge (born 1848 in Portsea) and his second wife Alma Saegent.
The Titheridge family that settled in New Zealand in 1873 are James (born 1840 in East Meon) and Eliza Harfield.
It was in the nineteenth century that the Tidridge variation of the surname appeared. Henry, who was born in Bishops Waltham in 1815, married Ann and they had eleven children. Henry’s surname became written as Tidridge and this is the surname he passed on to all future generations.
In the twentieth century the families spread throughout the United Kingdom, as it became both necessary and easier to move around to obtain employment. London and industrialised areas were obvious places to move to. Many families also emigrated to Australia, Canada and New Zealand. Within Britain there are Titheridges etc. spread throughout the country. The heaviest concentration of family members is still to be found in the south of England, with 90% of them living south of Birmingham. In the 1998 telephone directory the distribution of the 136 entries shows 22% around Portsmouth and Southampton area and 16% in London area. It interesting to note that the Titheridges still remain mainly around Hampshire, (37% Hampshire, 13% in Surrey, 9% in London), while the Titheradges are more concentrated around London (22% in Essex, 14% in London, 14 % in Hampshire).
The Titheridges, like all families, suffered the loss of many family members in both World Wars. The number of children in the family has decreased throughout the century. Also in many family lines the name of Titheridge is dying out due to the number of girls born. All this makes it a rare surname which few people have heard of, but if you find someone with the name you can be certain that they are related somehow.
In the past few years genealogy has become a very popular hobby and now there are many individuals who are intrigued by their unusual surname and eagerly tracing details of their ancestors and family history. We have entered a correspondence with several of these genealogists, in England, Canada Australia and New Zealand and it is with their help we have put together a lot of our information.
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